Articles describing the destruction in the education world have been noticable to me over the last several weeks. Most of the articles have discussed the devastation in primary and secondary education.
Here are a few articles describing disruption in higher education:
Alternatives to traditional non-campus higher education are growing.
What might a post-covid higher education world look like? One scenario.
Lots of class-action suits against colleges for refunds are getting dismissed.
Destruction in the education world has been noticable to me over the last several weeks. Most of the articles have discussed the devastation in primary and secondary education. There will also be major disruption in higher education.
3 million missing kids.
Kids from poorer neighborhoods will suffer most from lost education.
Last December UNICEF warned against keeping schools closed.
To illustrate the devastation from hyperinflation, we will now use Venezuelan Bolivares currency to see what it looks like in terms of paper currency.
To start, we will look at the currency itself.
As usual for currency outside the U.S., the paper money of Venezuela are esthetically beautiful. All the bills are colorful with lovely illustrations. All the ones we will now see have a nice sized watermark at the otherwise empty space. The watermarks are same face at the bottom of the obverse (front).
Portraits on the obverse of the currency are patriotic reminders of the struggle for Venezuelan independence.
To start our pictorial excursion, here are the obverses of the 2 Bolivar through 100,000 Bolivar currency:
2 – dated 12/27/12, featuring Francisco de Miranda, his efforts for independence in South America failed; he served as forerunner of Simon Bolivar.
Final graph in this series of posts showing the devastating hyperinflation currently running loose in Venezuela will combine two sets of data.
Purpose of doing so is to see if the two sets of data overlap so that there is some good longer-term information that can be used into the future. The source for current data only goes back to late 2020.
Graph at the top of this post shows exchange rate of Venezuelan Bolivars into US dollars between June 2019 and March 2021. This graph is expressed in Bolivar soberanos (Bv.s).
Let’s look at the exchange rate in Venezuela in more detail, breaking out the exchange rate before and after 2018. On the previous graphs it looked like the exchange rate deterioration wasn’t that bad in the lead up to 2018 and it looks like things turned real bad starting in 2019.
That’s the weird thing about hyperinflation. If you remove the recent severe acceleration you still see the rapid increase earlier.
Graph at the top of this post shows exchange rate through 2018. It looks like hyperinflation kicked off in early 2018. Actually, it was going crazy before that. Inflation so severe as to destroy the economy has been running since 2012. Let’s change that graph above to a logarithmic scale to show the percentage changes better.